RSA Security

In this detailed guide, we discuss the RSA cryptosystem as well as RSA security, how it works, and what it does. RSA which stands for Rivest–Shamir–Adleman is a widely used encryption algorithm. Unlike some other prominent encryption algorithms and protocols, RSA relies on asymmetric cryptographic standards. Since it relies on asymmetric cryptography or public key cryptography, RSA encryption always involves a pair of two different keys.

One of these keys is kept private while the other is public and it can be shared. In this sense, RSA encryption involves a private and public key. The public key that is known is used for encrypting messages and the private key is used for decrypted messages that have been encrypted. The RSA cryptosystem for encrypting and decrypting messages was resigned by Leonard Adleman, Adi Shamir, and Ron Rivest back in 1977. Before we take a look at RSA security and how it works, we should examine other RSA cryptosystem essentials to see how it works.

What is RSA Encryption?

Over four decades after its original release, the powerful RSA algorithm and cryptosystem remains one of the most used cryptography protocols in the world. Despite the fact it is quite old, RSA security remains top-notch even when compared to more modern encryption technologies and protocols. In fact, this cryptography algorithm forms the basis of many other cryptographic algorithms.

Before its first official publication, a secret encryption system was developed back in 1973 at the British signals intelligence agency by Clifford Cooks. At the time, RSA encryption solves one of the major cryptography issues that revolved around sharing coded messages when you cannot share the required code. This was made possible with the RSA encryption algorithm that remains one of the most widely used asymmetric encryption protocols.

As previously mentioned, RSA security revolves around two different keys. This is one of the major differences between symmetric and asymmetric encryption protocols. RSA encryption involves a private and a public key and these are always complimentary. In other words, a secret message that is encrypted with a specific key can only be successfully decrypted by the key’s counterpart. While public keys are known to the public, private keys are secret.

What About the RSA Security?

RSA encryption as well as many other similar asymmetric cryptography protocols and algorithms are used for assigning digital signatures. When the RSA encryption algorithm is used for digital signatures, RSA fingerprint encryption is incorporated into the file. This is what enables the receiver to verify the integrity of the file. When it comes to RSA security, it primarily relies on integer factorization.

A message that is RSA encrypted is looked at as a single large number. RSA users both create and publish RSA public keys that are treated like two large numbers alongside their auxiliary values. These large prime numbers are secret. While everyone can RSA encrypt messages using public keys shown as large prime numbers, they can only be decrypted by individuals who know the required private keys or who know the required prime numbers.

In this sense, the RSA security is based on factorizing the message, key generation, key distribution, encryption, and finally decryption. In other words, the RSA security and algorithm always involves four steps, and breaking the RSA encryption cannot be done without factorizing the product.

  • Key generation
  • Key distribution
  • Encryption
  • Decryption

Key Generation

The RSA security relies on four steps and the very first step is key generation. As previously mentioned, two keys are always involved including a private and a public key. Public keys are used for encrypting while private keys are used for decrypting messages. Public keys are listed as the n and e integers and private keys are represented as the d integer. The RSA algorithm keys are generated randomly.

For greater security, two different prime numbers are chosen and these will be kept secret. Computing these two integers creates the public key represented by the n integer. When it comes to the second part of the public key represented by the e integer, the most widely used value is 65,537. Every public key in RSA encryption features the public exponent depicted as e and the modulus depicted as n. The private key is represented as the d integer which is represented by the e modulus modular multiplicative inverse.

In the RSA algorithm, private keys can also be computed by the Extended Euclidean algorithm. As private key exponents, the d integer is also kept secret. As mentioned, the RSA security also relies on key distribution. Suppose someone wants to send an encrypted message to a friend. If the messages is RSA encrypted, the sender must know the recipient’s public key in order to successfully encrypt the message while and the sender must use his or her private key to decrypt the received message.

RSA Security – Encryption and Decryption

When it comes to the RSA security and the process of encrypting and decrypting the message. In order to enable the sender to encrypt his or her message, the receiver of the message transmits his or her key represented by the n and e. The key is transmitted via some reliable route while the private key represented by d is never transmitted. Once the sender of the message gets the receiver’s public key, he or she can finally send the message.

Relying on modular exponentiation, the sender turns the message which appears in a form of an un-padded plaintext into a long integer represented as m. In other words, the un-padded message via padding scheme turns into a padded plaintext. The next step is to compute the ciphertext and for this, the receiver’s public key is required. Once done, the sender transmits the ciphertext to the receiver.

The receiver can recover the message with his or her private key represented as d. The original un-padded plaintext message is recovered by the padding scheme reversal. The major difference between symmetric and public-key encryption (RSA encryption) is that symmetric-key encryption relies on the same private key for encrypting and decrypting. This makes RSA encryption and other public-key encryption very useful when there has been no safe opportunity to share keys.

When combined with other encryption algorithms, RSA encryption is also used for assigning digital signatures that prove the integrity and authenticity of encrypted messages. However, it is not widely used for encrypting files..

Instead, the RSA security is boosted with symmetric-key algorithms. In these cases, files are encrypted with symmetric-key algorithms and then symmetric keys are RSA encrypted. While there are many different encryption algorithms out there, RSA encryption is still widely used in email security, web browsers, VPNs, and other communication routes. RSA algorithm is also the foundation for PGP and TLS encryption.

PGP Encryption Tool

If you are looking for a greatly reliable, easy-to-use PGP encryption tool, you are in the right place. Here, we briefly discuss how PGP encryption works and what is it used for before we check out several great PGP encryption tool options you can turn to whenever you want to make sure that what is meant to be private stays private. Unlike a PGP encryption app, you can get a PGP encryption tool on basically any device you use.

These generally work on all Windows, Linux, and macOS desktop devices and some even can be downloaded to iOS and Android devices. Before we take a look at super reliable PGP encryption tools that do all the hard work for you when it comes to encrypting your private, confidential data, we should examine how this encryption technology works, what it uses, and how it helps with boosting your online data privacy.

PGP Encryption Essentials

Essentially, PGP encryption that stands for Pretty Good Privacy is a powerful encryption program used by different communication channels including email. The PGP encryption program was introduced many years ago or more specifically in 1991 by an American cryptographer and computer scientist Phi Zimmermann. Besides being known as the creator of PGP encryption that remains the most used encryption software for email channels, Zimmermann is also known for his work done in Zfone and ZRTP encryption protocols.

As previously mentioned, this powerful encryption technology is widely used for protecting emails and private, confidential data. PGP encryption relies on different encryption methods that use public keys in order to protect your private data against cybercriminals. Besides using public-key encryption protocols, PGP encryption also relies on symmetric encryption as it uses private and public keys. Pretty Good Privacy and this is an ironic term considering how protective it is.

Private keys are kept secret while public keys are shared between senders and receivers. As previously mentioned, this encryption program is widely used for email communication but it is also used for digitally signing messages to boost the integrity and safety of the data shared. Besides relying on cryptography, PGP encryption also uses different hashing techniques alongside data compression. In this sense, it is quite similar to SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) encryption used for securing sites and SFTP (Secure File Transfer Protocol) used for protecting sensitive information in motion.

What is a PGP Encryption Tool?

A PGP encryption tool is basically a program you install on your device that does all the hard work for you. In other words, a PGP encryption tool protects your confidential, private data before and after you share it online. With a great PGP encryption tool and there are many great options, you secure your folders and filers against digital attacks, you can easily encrypt your files and documents, and you can digitally sign and verify your files. Further, we take a look at the Gpg4win PGP encryption tool for Windows devices, GnuPG, and OpenPGP.

Gpg4win PGP Encryption Tool

The Gpg4win PGP encryption tool is one of the most popular, most widely used file and email encryption tools. It was developed by The Gpg4win Initiative and it works on the vast majority of Windows-powered desktop devices. This PGP encryption tool relies on GnuPG public-key cryptography for signing digital signatures and for data encryption. The tool is free for download and you can get it from With the tool, you also get:

  • GpgOL plugin for email encryption for Microsoft Outlook
  • GpgEX plugin for file encryption for Windows Explorer
  • Gpg4win user manual
  • GNU certificate manager for OpenPGP and X.509
  • Kleopatra certificate manager also for OpenPGP and X.509

As suggested, Gpg4win (GNU Privacy Guard for Windows) is a powerful email and file encryption tool you can download to your Windows device. With the tool, you can securely share files and transport emails. The tool does the work for you so digital signatures are assigned by default so you can rest assured that the content was not accessed and modified by anyone. It is also worth mentioning that Gpg4win supports both S/MIME (X.509) and OpenPGP encryption standards.

GNU Privacy Guard (GnuPG)

The GNU Privacy Guard by GNU Project is a free PGP encryption tool. The very first version of the tool was released in 1999. The tool works on Linux, macOS, as well as Windows-powered desktop devices, and Android and iOS portable devices. GNU Privacy Guard uses a mix of public-key and symmetric-key cryptography and it relies on the OpenPGP protocol that has been part of GNU Privacy Guard since the initial release over twenty years ago.

With the GnuPG PGP encryption tool, your messages with private data are encrypted with asymmetric keys and these can be exchanged with other users. As previously mentioned, symmetric cryptography is also supported. The latest versions of the GnuPG tool support a variety of other algorithms including IDEA and 3DES, RSA, ECDH, DSA, ElGamal, EdDSA, Twofish, Blowfish, Camellia-128, MD5, SHA-256, SHA-1, ZLIB, and ZIP among several others.

  • A variety of algorithms supported including AES, DSA, and RSA
  • Runs smoothly on Unix platforms
  • CMS/X.509 (S/MIME) full implementation
  • OpenPGP full implementation
  • Verifies and decrypts messages

OpenPGP Standard by the IETF

When it comes to PGP email encryption, OpenPGP is a reliable PGP encryption standard widely used by browser plugins, encrypted web browsers, and PGP encryption apps for email and file encryption. As mentioned on the official website, the system is defined by the IEFT or the Internet Engineering Task Force and it relies on the PGP encryption standard crafted by Zimmermann. While the main purpose of OpenPGP is PGP encrypted email communication, the tool can be used for encrypting messages as well.

It works on all platforms including iOS and Android devices as well as Linux, macOS, and Windows devices. It relies on public-key cryptography and its protocol defines formats for digital signatures, encrypted messages, and certificates required for exchanging keys.

Powered by the OpenPGP software are many great email and file encryption tools out there including Enigmail, Autocrypt, EverDesk, eM Client, Claws Mail, The Bat!, Apple Mail GPGTools, Canary Mail, Mutt, as well as K-9 Mail OpenKeychain, FairMail, and R2Mail2 for Android and Canary Mail, Safe Easy Privacy, iPGMail, and PGPro for iOS devices. The OpenPGP standard is also supported by Claws Mail, Evolution Seahorse, KMail Kleopatra, and Mutt for Linux devices and Psono, FlowCrypto, and Mailvelope encrypted browser plugins. The same is true for ProtonMail, Hushmail, and Mailfence.

PGP Encryption App

Here, we discuss several great PGP encryption app options thanks to which you can rest assured that private, confidential data you share with friends or someone else online remains safe and secure. Before we check out these apps, we should briefly discuss what is PGP encryption, how it works, and how it protects your private data.

PGP encryption that stands for Pretty Good Privacy is a powerful encryption technology that is used for encrypting, protecting emails and filers. In other words, this encryption technology delivers cryptographic privacy via its encryption program released back in 1991. The program was crafted by Phil Zimmermann and it works across a variety of platforms including desktop devices powered by macOS, Linux, and Windows.

Since its beginnings in 1991, Pretty Good Privacy has become the most used security and privacy stands when it comes to email technology and communication. When you have a reliable, safe to use PGP encryption app, you can easily encrypt as well as decrypt emails, text messages, and files with the main purpose of boosting the security of your private, confidential data.

What is a PGP Encryption App?

As mentioned in the previous section, Pretty Good Privacy is a computer program that grants authentication and cryptographic privacy for emails and other online communication channels. This technology always uses cryptography, hashing, and data compression alongside both asymmetric and symmetric keys in order to encrypt private, sensitive data that will be transferred across different networks.

The Pretty Good Privacy technology also combines public and private key cryptography features with every public key being associated with an email address and user name and every step of the encryption process features a unique algorithm. With a PGP encryption app, when you encrypt plaintext, the text is first compressed to boost cryptographic security, save disk space, and save some transmission time.

Public keys are traded among two parties while private keys are used for signing the content that has been encrypted. With a reliable, safe PGP encryption app and there are many great options out there, you can confidentially communicate with others online, protect your private messages as they travel from your device to the recipient’s device, and even check whether your messages have been altered or not. Further, we take a look at several great options if you are looking for a PGP encryption app that does the work the right way.

PGP Encryption App OpenKeychain

Introduced back in March of 2012, OpenKeychain is a reliable, very easy-to-use PGP encryption app that works on Android-powered tablets and smartphones. This is an open-source, free app that promises top-notch user-based encryption of the OpenPGP standard. Once you get the app, you can easily encrypt your text messages or private, notes, decrypt messages, as well as verify signatures for filers, emails, and text.

With the OpenKeychain PGP encryption app for Android devices, you can also store other users’ public keys with whom you have interacted before. In other words, the app lets you communicate with friends, family members, or someone else online more securely and privately. It uses the most reliable encryption technology to make sure that your private messages and files can also be accessed and read by the intended recipient.

The app relies on the top-notch OpenPGP standard. Just like other apps of this kind, it also relies on digital keys and the app does all the work for you including storing as well as managing your private keys as well as keys of the individuals you interact with. The app is audited regularly by the Cure53 company and it works with K-9 Mail to grant the best end-to-end encryption technology. It is also worth mentioning that the OpenKeychain PGP encryption app works with other apps including the FairEmail email encryption app, Oversec, PGPClipper, PGPAuth, and PhotoPGP.

  • Relies on the OpenPGP standard
  • Provides end-to-end encryption
  • Integrates with other apps such as K-9 Mail
  • Audited by Cure53
  • Stores and manages digital keys

PGP Everywhere

Developed by the Future Spin Software, LLC company, PGP Everywhere is a great PGP encryption app for iOS devices you can get for $4.99 from the App Store. As mentioned on the official website of PGP Everywhere, this is one of the most flexible PGP encryption apps out there for iOS devices. It features a great action and keyboard extension thanks to which you can encrypt your files and messages in any app you use on your portable device.

With PGP Everywhere, you can encrypt and decrypt messages and files, encrypt and decrypt emails and attachments in your email app, easily generate key pairs, sign and verify public keys, import and export keys via iTunes File Sharing or USB, and even more. The app supports different languages including Russian, German, and English while its keyboard extension supports Portuguese, Dutch, English, German, Spanish, French, Italian, and Russian.

  • Generation of key pairs
  • Action and keyboard extensions
  • Encryption and decryption of files
  • Import and export of keys
  • Open source, audited

iPGMail PGP Encryption App

Another great PGP encryption app that works on iOS devices is iPGMail that you can get on the App Store for $1.99. The app is crafted by the Wyllys Ingersoll company and just like the first app mentioned, it relies on the OpenPGP standard or RFC 4880, RFC 6637. Users of the app can easily create and manage private and public keys (RSA, DSA, ECDSA, EDDSA, ECDH). With the iPGMail app, you can also create and manage PGP keys, send encrypted messages, and receive encrypted messages.

A bunch of other features is also included in this PGP encryption app. You can use the app to share PGP files and messages from the system clipboard. iTunes Fire Sharing is also supported while you can transfer your key files using AirDrop as well. PGP key generation is also supported and the app allows you to encrypt and digitally sign messages using your PGP keys. Naturally, with iPGMail, you can also secure your email messages regardless of which email app or client you use.

  • DropBox, AirDrop, and iTunes File Sharing supported
  • Creation of private and public keys
  • Email PGP encryption
  • OpenPGP protection
  • File encryption options

Self Destruct Image

If you have been wondering how to send a self destruct image using popular instant messaging apps and other services available at our disposal today, this is the guide for you. Here in our self destruct image guide, we check out how self destruct images work, how such media protects your privacy, and finally, how to share disappearing images with WhatsApp, Telegram, and several other great services that millions use on a daily basis to stay in touch with their friends, family members, and others.

Just like a self destruct text message, a self destruct image destructs itself after a predetermined time frame. The vast majority of services and instant messaging apps out there that let you share such self destruct media also allow you to set the self destruct timer, so you get to decide when your self destruct image vanishes. Just like self destructing text messages, images that destroy themselves after the intended recipient has opened and viewed them leave no trace behind.

This type of communication is extremely useful today when you want to make sure that what is meant to be private and safe stays private and some messages should leave no trace behind. So, the next time you want to share with friends or family members some silly pictures, turning to self destruct image options is the best route to take as such pictures never leave a digital trail.

Send a Delf Destruct Image with Great Apps

There are many instant messaging apps and services at your disposal that allow you to send disappearing, self destructing text messages. These also allow you to send a self destruct image that just like disappearing text messages destroys itself after a predetermined time frame. In fact, the vast majority of great encrypted, reliable, and easy-to-use destructing text messaging apps features self destruct image options as well including Snapchat, Telegram, and WhatsApp that are explored further.

Snapchat and Its Features

Snapchat is one of the pioneers when it comes to sending self destruct or disappearing images and text messages. In fact, the service introduced by Snap. Inc back in 2011 originated the idea of sending self destruct images. While many other instant messaging options of this kind are more focused on sending disappearing text messages, Snapchat remains more focused on sharing images that self destruct. In addition, Snapchat also allows you to share self destruct videos and stickers.

When you send a self destruct image using Snapchat, you have the option to set a self destruct time while text messages sent using Snapchat self destruct once the intended recipient has viewed them. Snapchat can be installed for free from the Google Play Store and App Store to Android and iOS devices. To send a self destruct image using Snapchat:

  • Get the app and register
  • If you already have an account, provide your login info
  • Click on the camera button to trigger the shutter
  • Once you have snapped your image, press on the timer icon
  • Pick between one and ten seconds
  • Save your picture, of press Send to share
  • Keep in mind that Snapchat does not allow you to send images from your Camera Roll

Send a Self Destruct Image with Telegram Messenger

The very first Telegram Messenger version was released in August of 2013 by Telegram FZ LLC and Telegram Messenger Inc. Telegram Messenger is a safe, reliable, easy to use cross-platform, freeware instant messaging service that allows you to make end-to-end encrypted calls, send text messages, share files, and more. With Telegram Messenger, you can also send self destruct text messages as well as send a self destruct image to any of your friends or family members who use the same service.

Unlike Snapchat, Telegram Messenger can be downloaded to desktop devices as well as Android and iOS devices. In order to use the service for sending disappearing media, you need to get the latest app version which features the Secret Chats option. This valuable option provides end-to-end encryption so that nobody except the intended recipient of your messages can access your images, files, or text messages. To send a self destruct image using Telegram Messenger:

  • Get the Telegram app and register
  • Or log in if you have already an account
  • Head to your conversations and initiate a Secret Chat
  • From a contact’s profile, click More and pick Start Secret Chat
  • Click on Stopwatch to access the self destruct timer
  • Confirm and send your self destruct images

The Telegram Messenger Secret Chats option is great if you want to send text messages, videos, and files. However, if you want to send just one self destructing image, you can turn to the service’s Self Destructing Media Feature. To get here, open one of your conversations and click on the attach icon located near the text box. Pick a photo you want to send. To get to the Send with Timer option, click and hold the Send button.

Once you click on the Send with Timer option, choose a time interval between one second and one minute and send. If you are using an Android device, the whole process is slightly different. Once you open the conversation you want to send a self destruct image to, click on the attach button near the text box and add your photo. Click on Stopwatch near the Send button and choose a time interval between one second and one minute. Press done and your image has been sent.

WhatsApp and Self Destruct Messages

Another great option for sending self destruct images and text messages is WhatsApp. Owned and operated by Facebook Inc. WhatsApp you can download to Android, iOS, and desktop devices had a bunch of great features and one of these is the option to send self destruct images. In addition to WhatsApp and its disappearing messages option, there are many other great apps out there that let you send self destruct images such as Ramnia, Instagram, Wickr Me, and Confide. Each of these uses reliable, great encryption protocols to protect your private data and files from those prying eyes.

Encrypted Web Browser

Here in this guide, we take a look at several encrypted web browser options, we discuss browser encryption in detail, and we check how it works. The amount of dangers and threats lurking in the digital world has never been so huge as today with cybercriminals and hackers using advanced technology to access your private info, your private messages, and even your browsing history. The same way you want to protect your private messages, you also want to protect your internet browsing history and this is where encrypted, secure web browsers come into the game.

Even though many of us rarely think about those great dangers lurking in the digital world, web browser hijacking is a real, potentially very serious issue. If someone has taken control or hold of the web browser you are using, your confidential, private data is at great risk. Hijacking programs used to take control over your web browser history can also make other of your sensitive data stored on your device exposed.

Is My Web Browser Hijacked?

Before we take a look at great, reliable, and one hundred percent secure encrypted web browser options that protect everything that should be protected, let’s examine some common signs of a hijacked browser. One of the most common signs that suggest your web browser has been hijacked is URL redirecting and an unknown homepage showing up after starting the web browser.

If your web browser constantly takes you to different sites you have not searched for, your web browser has been hijacked. If numerous popup windows appear after launching the web browser, this is also the work of a hacker who wants you to accidentally open some of those popup windows so that he or she can install malware programs.

Fake security alerts coming from security programs or apps that you have installed also suggest that your web browser has been hijacked. If any of these issues happen, close your web browser instantly, head to your antivirus program, and perform a full scan. Once done, make sure you also re-install your browser and finally consider turning to an encrypted, secure web browser which makes it impossible for cybercriminals to hijack your web browser.

  • Web searches redirected to different sites
  • Numerous pop-up windows appearing
  • Multiple advertisement alerts
  • Web pages slow loading
  • Multiple toolbars appearing you have not installed
  • Fake security alerts

What is an Encrypted Web Browser?

Every encrypted browser uses some kind of encryption technology. Different encryption protocols are also employed by websites as well as instant messaging apps. In the simplest terms, encryption encodes data and information. In other words, its converts information from its original plaintext formation into another format, and only authorized parties can decipher such information.

When it comes to an encrypted web browser, such a browser establishes a secure, private connection thanks to a tunnel via internet users’ ISP and the internet. When you use an encrypted web browser, your private, sensitive, confidential data stored in your web browser, your internet browsing history, or the sites you have visited, and basically everything else is hidden from your internet provider, cybercriminals, and all other prying eyes.

Regardless of which device you use to browse the internet when you do not use an encrypted web browser, everything that you want to remain secure and private could be exposed to advertisers, cybercriminals, and of course, your service provider. Therefore, it is crucial that you know the rules and that you take the right steps and embrace all online data and privacy protections we have at our disposal and one of those is an encrypted web browser.

Find Your Encrypted Web Browser

You have an excellent variety of encrypted web browser options that help you stay safe and well-protected whenever you are browsing the web. Having an encrypted web browser is the most crucial tool for protecting your sensitive data from cybercriminals. Today, many web browsers collect data for a bunch of advertising companies and this is the case with the most used, most popular Google Chrome web browser.

While Google Chrome is extremely safe and secure, it collects your private data and this does not make it the best option out there if you are looking for a truly secure, safe, and private web browser. Microsoft Edge thanks to its great phishing protection can be a good alternative but this does not make a great encrypted web browser. What we recommend is turning to Brave, Tor, and Mozilla Firefox.

Brave Browser

Released by Brave Software Inc. Brave is an open-source, free, web browser that relies on Chromium technology. It comes with built-in ad-blockers, awesome privacy settings that you can customize, and great privacy measures. The brave encrypted web browser has a minimalistic design, it is fast-performing, and most importantly, it is one hundred percent privacy-focused. Since this is an encrypted web browser, it secures your browsing history, upgrades to HTTPS automatically, and even blocks third-party cookies in addition to blocking ads.

  • Excellent security and privacy measures
  • User-friendly and fast-performing
  • Built-in add blockers

Tor Browser

If you are looking for an encrypted web browser with the very best privacy and security protocols and measures, turning to Tor browser is the way to go. Tor browser has it all covered when it comes to staying safe and well-protected. Just like the previously mentioned encrypted web browser, Tor is also an open-source, free web browser that enables encrypted, anonymous communication at all times. It was developed by The Tor Project back in 2002 and it works on Linux, Microsoft, Android, and macOS devices.

  • Offers the best, maximum internet safety
  • Impressive security and privacy add-ons
  • Web traffic triple encrypted

Mozilla Firefox

While we always recommend turning to Tor browser if you want the maximum browsing protection at all times, Tor is very slow and this does not come as a surprise considering your web traffic is always triple encrypted. If you need a browser that is faster-loading and more practical for everyday use, Mozilla Firefox is a great option. This is also an open-source web browser released in 2002 by Mozilla Corporation. It provides complete protection from fingerprinting, it comes with crypto-jacking prevention tools and a bunch of other safety measures.

  • Excellent sandboxing technology
  • Customizable security and privacy setting
  • Different browser extensions

In addition to Brave, Tor, and Mozilla Firefox, we also recommend you check out several other great encrypted web browser options including Ungoogled Chromium browser that is an excellent alternative to Google Chrome, Bromite that is a great Chromium you can download to an Android device, and Iridium that is one hundred percent dedicated to your online privacy. When it comes to those most popular web browsers including Google Chrome, Safari, and Microsoft Edge, they employ great safety and security measures but they are not as private as you would think.